The year 2013 marked 760-anniversary of the brilliant representative of the Persian-language literature of India, viagra sale poet and thinker of genius Amir Khusraw Dahlawi. For more than seven centuries his creation has been an integral part of spiritual life of the peoples of Moslem Orient. Note that the poet lived and created in India; he is the author of brilliant poetical masterpieces, about it scientific treatises on music and rhetoric. His creation proved to be a connecting link of the whole Persian-language literature: from India to Iran; from Maverannahr to the Caucasus. The Dahlawi’s phenomenon has always been in the focus of attention of the world scientific and literary thought. Works of the brilliant poet are widely popular among lovers of belles-lettres. On the occasion of this significant date, an international scientific conference titled “Amir Khusraw Dahlawi’s Contribution to the Culture of Central Asia” was held in Dushanbe on April 11-12, 2013. The conference was arranged jointly by the International Institute of Central Asian Studies (IICAS) under the UNESCO auspices and the Rudaki Institute of Language, Literature, Oriental Studies and Written Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Attending the conference was a dynamic and active group of researchers from scientific institutions of Tajikistan, Iran, Azerbaijan, India and Germany to hold thorough debates over the Dahlawi’s creative heritage. The conference was also attended by representatives of Dushanbe-accredited diplomatic missions, students, cultural institutions of Tajikistan.
Addressing a congratulatory speech to conference participants were Vice-President of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan Karomatullo Olimov, Ambassadors of Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Director of the IICAS Shahin Mustafayev. Speakers emphasized particular topicality of the forum due to the current reconstruction of the historical past. A unanimous opinion was voiced that a dialogue within the framework of this event should contribute to the real integration of peoples, and that it was joint efforts of the peoples of the Central Asia and the world community only that might cultivate a sense of complicity to the single expanse with its common past and future.
A plenary session of the conference heard scientific reports. Thus, Prof. Rafael Huseynov, a corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan and director of the Nizami Ganjevi museum in Baku, touched upon an Amir Khusraw Dahlawi’s role in the development of the Nizami Ganjevi’ poetical school. He pointed out that a Khusraw’s nazire to Nizami’s “Hamse” “contributed to the integration and bringing an enormous area together, drew new enthusiasts into this school, taught them cherish treasures of their forerunners, promoted the development of international cultural integration and consolidation, and gave impetus to Orient’s advancement toward unity” to rank high among world literature masterpieces.
A plenary report that followed dealt with Dahlawi’s work “Matla’-al-anwar” (“Luminaries’ Rising”). Prof. Mirzo Mulloahmadov, a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, stressed a poet’s specific view on the concept of man. Amir Khusraw Dahlawi perceived a man’s predestination in his ability to spiritual self-sacrifice, self-expression and highly appreciated a spiritual principle in his inner essence. Imbued with the gist of Indian society realities, Amir Khusraw Dahlawi regarded the events in terms of universal humanism; the thinker assessed them as values common to all mankind. To speaker’s thinking, that was one of the causes that explained his creation’s greatest influence on the Persian-language lyrics.
The second day of the conference began with an interesting report of Prof. Abdulgafur Orzu, literary critic and poet, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the Republic of Tajikistan. The speaker detailed about the influence of Amir Khusraw Dahlawi on creative activity of subsequent generations, and on the Persian-language literature as a whole; examined the so-called “Indian style” tendencies in the Persian literature development.
Conference participants took great interest in the reports of Prof. Jahonteg Halili (Iran) – ”Criticism of Poetry and Poetical Art in the Works of Amir Khusraw Dahlawi; doctor of historical sciences Muzaffar Olimov (Tajikistan) – “Amir Khusraw Dahlawi as Historian”; Prof. Ahtar Huseyn Said (India) – “Amir Khusraw Dahlawi – a Man of Genius in India”; Muhammad Boroni (Iran) – “Description of Linguistic Predicates in the Poetics of Amir Khusraw Dahlawi; Alexander Heiser (Germany) – “Early European Studies into Amir Khusraw Dahlawi” (17-19 centuries)”; Prof. Misbohiddin Narzikulov (Tajikistan) – “Traditions and Innovations in the Poetics of Khusraw”; Dr. Gheti Imani (Iran) – “The Love in the Poetry of Amir Khusraw Dahlawi”; Prof. Askarali Rajabov (Tajikistan) – “On Musical and Creative Interrelations between Mabverannahr and India (13-17 centuries)”; Prof. Tajiddin Nuriddin Mardoni (Tajikistan) – “A Place of the Arabic Language in the Creation of Amir Khusraw Dahlawi”; Prof. Zamira Gafforova (Tajikistan) – “A View on Mystical Concepts of Amir Khusraw Dahlawi”; Nurali Nurzoda (Tajikistan) – “Common and Distinctive Features of Qasydas ”Savodiazam” by Mirzo Bedil and “Bahr al-abror” by Amir Khusraw Dahlawi”; Murtaz Muhsini and Ahmad Ganipur Malikshah (Iran) – “A Comparative Analysis of “Rind”Image in Ghazals by Amir Khusraw Dahlawi and Hafiz Shirazi”. The wide spectrum of themes to the sessions caused heated, lively discussions. Upwards of 25 reports were presented; later issued in a collected work. Also, timed to the conference was a treatise “Rasailu-l-i’jaz” (“Treatises on Laconicism”) by Amir Khusraw Dahlawi known under the title “Ijazi Khusrawi” (“A Miracle of Khusraw”).
Sh. Mustafayev, Director of the IICAS, and A. Tursunova, Director of the Rudaki Institute of Language, Literature, Oriental Studies and Written Heritage, a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, summed up the conference as stressing expediency and effectiveness of the conferences of this sort to revive an already lost unified scientific and cultural expanse, seek greater mutual understanding and closer collaboration for the benefit of peace and universal progress. In considering an unceasing topicality and value of the Amir Khusraw Dahlawi’s heritage in terms of the dictates of present-day scientific textual criticism, a decision was made to start a collective work over the publication of a scientific-critical text of poet’s complete works.