An international scientific conference titled “Silk Road: Past, ask Present and Future” was held on June 5-6, 2013 in the capital of Mongolia – Ulan Bator. The conference was arranged through joint efforts of the UNESCO-aegis International Institute of Central Asian Studies (IICAS), Institute of Law of the Mongolian National University and the Institute of Social Technologies under the Mongolian Scientific-Technological University.
This scientific forum marked a breakthrough in studying and propagandizing the historical-cultural heritage and analyzing cultural and legal-economic aspects of the Silk Road. The point is that it had first ever taken place in Mongolia, the country closely related from the ancient times to this transcontinental trade route; yet, for some reason or other the subject as pivotal for Eurasian countries has long been out of scientific debates. This contributed to the topicality of the conference, especially in the light of history and present state of the Great Silk Road both from academic, scientific-theoretical and barest necessity standpoint.
It was the logic of the conference and the composition of participants that preconditioned its program’s division into two main sessions.
Participants and guests of the conference were welcomed by Director of the Institute of Law under the Mongolian National University, Prof. D.Solongo; Director of the Institute of Social Technologies under the Mongolian Scientific-Technological University, Prof. B.Purevsuren; Director of the IICAS, Prof. Sh. Mustafayev. They voiced their confidence that the Mongolia’s maiden international conference for Silk Road is of indubitable interest not only for scientific community but for the broader public as well. Also, it is likely to give impetus to the development of scientific-research activity in this new sphere of science.
Forming the pivot of the conference proved to be a comprehensive report by Sh. Mustafayev, doctor of historical sciences and Director of the IICAS titled “Research into Silk Road at the International Institute of Central Asian Studies”. The speaker made a detailed analytical report on of the study and propaganda of the Silk Road heritage since the IICAS foundation.
The first session was chaired by S. Gomech, Professor of history of the Ankara University (Turkey) to deal with various aspects of the history and culture of the Silk Road from ancient times to later Middle Ages. Two panels of the session were held to discuss ten reports, including those by Prof.N.Galiymaa and lecturer B. Altanhuyag (Institute of Social Technologies, MNTU) – “The Ancient Silk Road as A Touristic Product”; Dr. Associate Professor ?.Enhbat (historical-cultural research group under the Institute of Social Technologies, MNTU) – “The Silk Road and Its Cultural Influence”; Dr. Associate Professor ?.Tatybayev (National University of Uzbekistan, Tashkent) – “The Great Silk Road and Shaping of Central Asian Civilization”; Dr. Associate Professor D.Narantsapral (historical-cultural research group under the Institute of Social Technologies, MNTU) and Prof. Park Ah Rim (Woman’s University Sukming, a chair of culturology) – “Significance of Graves with Rock Paintings at Shoroon Bumbagar in the Silk Road Culture”; Dr. ?.Gantuya, lecturer S.Demberel (Institute of Social Sciences, MNU) – “The Silk Road and Religious-Cultural Relations”; Dr. Associate Professor D.Serdaram, lecturers G.Solongo, Zh.Baasangerel and G.Bulgamaa (Institute of Social Technologies, MNTU) – “Topical Issues of the Assessment of Historical and Cultural Values”; F.Jahanbakhshi (Iran, expert in social-political psychology) – “Heartland Fort and World’s Heart”, “Mongolia and Iran”; Dr. Associate Professor Y.Boldbaatar (Institute of Social Technologies, MNTU), – “Camel-Bactrian and the Silk Road”; doctor of historical sciences Sh.Mustafayev (IICAS) – “The Great Silk Road – the Path of Dialogue and Cooperation “.
The first session of the conference was successful in covering various aspects of origin, development, functioning of the Great Silk Road throughout its centuries-long history in terms of intra-continental policy, trade and culture.
Chaired by Dr. A. Tatybayev (National University of Uzbekistan), the next session dealt with legal and economic aspects of the Great Silk Road. It included thirteen substantial reports of foreign and Mongolian experts, specifically Prof. S. Gomech (Ankara University, Turkey) – “Importance of Chinghiz-khan Laws for Peoples of the Silk Road”; Prof ?.Morigiva (School of Law under the Nagoya University, Japan) – “The Silk Road as A Point of Intersection of Riches”, Prof. H.Selenge (Institute of Law, MNU) and Ts.Minzhin (Institute of History of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences) – “Trade Policy of the Yuang Dynasty and the Silk Road”; Dr. Kalan (Mongolia TIKA general manager, Turkey) – “Medieval Silk Road: Major Trade Route Linking Eastern Europe and Asia”; lecturer D. Myagmarsuren (Institute of Social Technologies, MNTU) – “Energy Silk Road and Mongolia”; Dr.?.Meydsanhay (Institute of Law, MNU) – “Legal Aspects and Trends of Economic Cooperation between the Central Asia and Mongolia”; lecturer ?.Yang? (Institute of Law, MNU) – “Rebirth of the Silk Road: Legal Conditions of Foreign Trade of Mongolia and Its Prospects”; Dr. S.Oyuunsuren (Institute of International Relations, MNU) – “The Role of the Great Silk Road in the Relations between Mogolia and the Countries of the Near East”; lecturer Ch. Vanchmgdash (historical-cultural research group under the Institute of Social Technologies, MNTU) and specialist G.Anhsanaa (Center of Cultural heritage underv the Institute of Social technologies, MNTU) – “Silk Road, Cultural Relations Hunnu and Economic Gates”. Also, the session discussed various problems of theoretical comprehension and trade-economic aspects of functioning and legal regulation of the Great Silk Road in the historical context and at the present stage of its development.
To conclude, participants and guests of the conference highly appreciated the complex debates over theoretical and practical aspects of the history and present development of the Great Silk Road as stressing their confidence in the necessity of further research into the issues above from international scientific and cultural exchange standpoint jointly with all the parties concerned, including specialists from Mongolia. The participants expressed their desire to proceed with scientific forums and get deeper into major issues of the Great Silk Road.